OA Business Models for Research Funders & Universities

A study exploring OA business models, from institutional & subject repositories to OA journals research data & monographs.

1 September 2011 - 1 September 2011,  00:00 - 00:00, 

This overview shows that there is a considerable variety in business models within a common framework of public funding. Open access through institutional repositories requires funding from particular institutions to set up and maintain a repository, while subject repositories often require contributions from a number of institutions or funding agencies to maintain a subject repository hosted at one institution. Open access through publication in open access journals generally requires a mix of funding sources to meet the cost of publishing. Public or charitable research funding bodies may contribute part of the cost of publishing in an open access journal but institutions also meet part of the cost, particularly when the author does not have a research grant from a research funding body.

To some extent the benefits follow the funding, institutions and their staff members being the primary beneficiaries from institutional repositories, while national research funding agencies may be the primary beneficiaries from the publication in open access of the research they fund. However, in addition all open access business models also allow benefits to flow to communities which have not been part of the funding infrastructure.

The briefing paper ‘Open Access Business Models for research funders and universities' was commissioned by Knowledge Exchange and was written by Fred Friend.

There are two crucial issues. Firstly that the Press is seen as an essential part of the scholarly communication infrastructure and is not "isolated" within the University and secondly, that the Press relies on the existing ICT infrastructure of the Division and the University. The aim here is to reflect that there is no point in supporting key academic research if there is no means of distributing and accessing it effectively.

Colin Steele, ANU Initiative, January 2008

Key findings / outcome report download

Open Access Business Models for research funders and universities
icon Open Access
1 September 2011

Open Access Business Models for research funders and universities

Purpose: Report

File type: PDF


A collaboration between

  • dfg
  • csc-it center for science
  • jisc
  • cnrs
  • surf
  • deff