At the Berlin7 conference in Paris on 3 December 2009 Knowledge Exchange provided a workshop 'Practical challenges in moving to Open Access: A focus on research funders and universities'. Presentations were provided by John Houghton and Alma Swan discussing the outcomes of studies on the costs and benefits of Open Access for institutions and the society as a whole.
These were followed by presentations by two funding agencies on the results of financing publication costs both at an institutional and national level in Germany. Also the results of the Springer deal in the Netherlands were presented.
The third section was focused on the results of implementing mandates both by funding bodies and institutions.